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Roulette Guide for Novices

This comprehensive guide aims to familiarize newcomers with the purpose and fundamental rules of roulette. We will provide a step-by-step explanation of how to play the game, discuss the primary roulette variants, and address frequently asked questions regarding this timeless casino game.

Objective of the Game

The objective of roulette is to predict the number or color on which the ball will land when the roulette wheel is spun. The wheel consists of numbers from 0 to 36, represented by black, red, and green colors. Players can place bets on a single number, a range of numbers, or even on specific colors (black/red) or odd/even outcomes. Each of these outcomes carries different probabilities, determining the corresponding chances of winning and the resulting payouts.

Playing Roulette: Step-by-Step Instructions

Understanding the game of roulette involves dividing it into four distinct phases. The game begins with players placing their bets and progresses as the croupier spins the wheel. Payouts are made to winning players after the outcome is announced. Both winners and non-winners can continue to test their luck in subsequent games.

Algorithm casino game
  1. place a bet
  2. Croupier launches wheel spin
  3. Get results of the round
  4. Start new round or stop game

Step 1: Placing Your Bet

The roulette table displays numbers from 0 to 36, along with various betting options. These options represent potential wheel outcomes, and players can place their chips accordingly. However, the table does not indicate the payout for each bet. It is assumed that players are already familiar with this information. In roulette, payouts range from 35:1 to 1:1, depending on the probability of the chosen bet.

Select Bet Type
Select Bet Type
Select Bet Type

Announced Bets

For certain bets known as "French bets," players can place their wagers more efficiently without physically moving their chips. If there are enough chips on the table, players can verbally inform the croupier of their desired bet. The croupier verifies the bet by examining the table and, even if the chips are not placed directly on the corresponding bet option, accepts the wager. These bets are called "announced bets" as they are announced by both the player and the croupier. It is important to note that when playing online roulette, an announced bet must still be accompanied by placing a chip on one of the bet sections on the racetrack. The following are the main types of announced bets, along with detailed information about each one.

Select Bet Type
Select Bet Type
Select Announced Bet Type

Table and Bet Limits

Every roulette table has its own minimum and maximum bet limits, which may vary. The minimum bet represents the required amount to participate in the game, regardless of the specific bet option. On the other hand, the maximum bet indicates the highest amount accepted for any bet at that table. It is essential for players to consider these limits for two reasons. Firstly, table limits help determine if a particular game aligns with their preferences and bankroll. Secondly, these limits play a crucial role in implementing various roulette strategies. For instance, progressive betting strategies like the Martingale system require playing at tables with high maximum limits, as the bet amount needs to increase according to specific rules.

Playtech Software
$ 1 - 1000
Age Of The Gods Roulette
Play in Casino
Playtech Software
$ 0.2 - 3000
Quantum Roulette
Play in Casino
Netent Software
$ 0.1 - 5000
Advanced Roulette
Play in Casino
Microgaming Software
$ 1 - 80
European Roulette Gold Series
Play in Casino

In addition to table limits, individual bet types may also have their own limits, often associated with maximum betting amounts. For example, a roulette table might have a minimum bet of 10 CAD and a maximum bet of 5000 CAD. However, this does not imply that players can place any bet within this range. Outside bets (red/black, odd/even) can be made between 10 CAD and 5000 CAD. Conversely, inside bets (Straight-up, Split, etc.) may be subject to a lower maximum bet limit, such as 2000 CAD, despite the overall table limit being 5000 CAD.

The table below provides a comparison of betting limits found in popular roulette games from different providers.

Dragon Jackpot Roulette Relax Roulette
Bet Min Max Min Max
Straight up 0.1 100 0.1 250
Split 0.1 200 0.1 500
Street 0.1 300 0.1 800
Corner 0.1 400 0.1 1000
Six Line 0.1 600 0.1 1600
Column 1 1000 0.1 3500
Dozen 1 1000 0.1 3500
Even/Odd 1 1000 0.1 5000
Red/Black 1 1000 0.1 5000
High/Low 1 1000 0.1 5000

Step 2: Waiting for the Croupier to Spin the Wheel

Once all players have placed their bets, the croupier announces "no more bets." Placing additional bets is prohibited after this announcement. Simultaneously, the second phase of the game begins as the croupier spins the roulette wheel and releases the ball onto it. It is strictly forbidden for anyone other than the croupier to touch the wheel. If a player violates this rule by touching the wheel, the game becomes void, and all bets are refunded.

Step 3: Waiting for the Results

Once the wheel comes to a stop, the croupier announces the number and color on which the ball has landed. This marks the start of the third phase: payouts. Players who bet on the winning outcome receive their payouts based on the bet amount and the corresponding payout ratio. For instance, a straight bet pays 35:1. Therefore, a 10 CAD bet would result in a 350 CAD payout (10 x 35).

Bet Payout Example (initial bet $10)
Straight up 35:1 10+35*10=360
Split 17:1 10+17*10=180
Street 11:1 10+11*10=120
Corner 8:1 10+8*10=90
5 numbers 6:1 10+6*10=70
Six Line 5:1 10+5*10=60
Column 2:1 10+2*10=30
Dozen 2:1 10+2*10=30
Even/Odd 1:1 10+1*10=20
Red/Black 1:1 10+1*10=20
High/Low 1:1 10+1*10=20

It is also possible to place combined bets in roulette. In such cases, the payout is calculated based on the total amount wagered.

1) What if result number is 8?
  • bet 100 on black wins, you get 100*1 + 100 = 200
  • 5 on corner (7,8,10,11) wins, you get 5*8 + 5 = 45
  • 25 on six line does not win
  • 5 on corner (23,24,26,27) does not win
In sum you win 245
2) What is result number is 10?
  • bet 100 on black wins, you get 100*1 + 100 = 200
  • 5 on corner (7,8,10,11) wins, you get 5*8 + 5 = 45
  • 25 on six line wins, you get 25*5 + 25 = 150
  • 5 on corner (23,24,26,27) does not win
In sum you win 395
3) What is result number is 27?
  • bet 100 on black does not win
  • 5 on corner (7,8,10,11) does not win
  • 5 on corner (7,8,10,11) does not win
  • 5 on corner (23,24,26,27) wins, you get 5*8 + 5=45
In sum you win 45
Example Bet

Step 4: Continuing to the Next Round

The completion of payouts signifies the end of the game. The croupier then initiates a new game and begins accepting new bets. This process continues until the croupier announces "no more bets" once again, and the cycle repeats. Players who won or lost in the previous game are free to participate in the subsequent round or choose to abstain.

Basic Variants of Roulette

There are three primary variations of traditional roulette: European, American, and French. While these variants share general rules, some of them offer additional betting options and/or rules.

  • European Roulette

    • House edge 2,7%
    • 37 numbers
    • One zero
    European Roulette
  • American Roulette

    • House edge 5.26%
    • 38 numbers
    • Additional double zero
    • Surrender rule may apply
    • 5 number bet ("Basket") available
    American Roulette
  • French Roulette

    • House edge 1.35%
    • 37 numbers, one zero
    • "La partage" and "En prison" avilable
    • French writing on the table
    French Roulette

Additional Betting Rules

The French and American variants of roulette employ distinct betting rules that differ from the European variant. These rules do not alter the available betting options or payouts but rather reduce the house edge, enabling players to increase their long-term winnings.

La Partage Rule

This rule is exclusive to the French variant. When a player places a 1:1 bet (red/black, odd/even, low/high) and loses, they receive half of their bet back. By implementing this rule, the house edge can decrease to as low as 1.35%.

En Prison Rule

This rule is also exclusive to the French variant. If a player places a 1:1 bet and loses, the bet carries over to the next round. If the bet loses again, there is no refund. However, if it wins, the initial bet must be paid.

Surrender Rule

This rule is unique to the American variant. If a player bets on 0 and 00 and loses, they receive half of their bet back. Similar to La Partage, this rule only applies to bets on 0 and 00. By implementing the surrender rule, the house edge can be reduced to 2.63%.


What is the House Edge in Roulette?

The house edge represents the percentage of profit the casino is expected to make from players' bets. For example, the house edge of European roulette is 2.70%, indicating that the casino will earn a profit of 2.70 CAD for every 100 CAD wagered.

How are Payouts Calculated at the End of Each Round?

In roulette, each bet type has a predetermined payout. Therefore, when a player wins, their wager is multiplied by the corresponding payout. For instance, a column bet pays 2:1. If you wagered 10 CAD and won, you would receive 20 CAD (10 x 2).

What is RTP in Roulette?

RTP stands for Return to Player, which denotes the percentage of invested funds that players can expect to recover over the long run. For instance, the RTP of European roulette is 97.30%, meaning that for every 100 CAD wagered, you can expect to win back 97.30 CAD.

Which Roulette Variation is More Profitable?

The most profitable variation in the long run is the one with the lowest house edge, as it reduces the potential for losses. In this context, French roulette, which implements the La Partage rule, offers the most profitable option with a house edge of 1.35%.

What are "Cold/Hot Numbers" in Roulette?

Cold numbers are those that have not been selected for a significant period, while hot numbers are frequently chosen. For example, if "red 7" has appeared twice in the last 10 spins, it would be considered a hot number.

What is an "Even Money" Bet?

Even money bets refer to bets that pay out at a 1:1 ratio. For instance, if you wager 1 CAD and win, the payout will also be 1 CAD. In roulette, even money bets include red/black, odd/even, and low/high. These bets offer the highest chances of winning.

What is the Payout for the Number 0?

The number 0 is the only green number on the roulette wheel. Players can place bets on this number, and a straight bet on 0 pays out at 35:1, just like any other straight bet.

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